Ship of Early Cycladic period 2800-2300 B.C
The geographical location of the Cyclades defines the commercial and naval character of their inhabitants, by connecting the coast of Asia Minor with the Greek islands, as well as the mainland Greece. Nowadays, there are such archaeological findings that allow us to have a more secure approach to the lifestyle and the civilization of the Cycladians who lived at the third millennium BC. It seems that the ship always played decisive role in their lives and in their culture.
During the early Cycladic period 2800 – 2300, ships were mainly founded on pan-shaped utensils of that eraStrictly speaking, there were engraved scenes depicting geometric aesthetic onto ceramic utensils. On the pan-shaped utensil of Syros, but also on other utensils there was a representation with narrative character, depicted a vessel elevated from the one side, with two rows of parallel lines for the paddles and the projection of the keel beyond the post.
The effigy of the fish and the banner are located at the highest point of the edge of the bow. The remaining surface is decorated with spiral patterns which symbolize the sea. But the issue that has been, for many years, subject of disputes and discussions, was the answer to the question of which was the position of the bow and which was the one for the stern. But if we consider that the engraver wanted to give prospect of the ship’s motion, then we could easily find that the slope of the paddles is such, so as to follow its course. So, it clearly seems that the elevated construction was the post of the bow. This view has reinforced by subsequent archaeological surveys. The evolution of the ship with the elevated bow is also discerned in later constructions, for example: the ships depicted on murals at Akrotiri on Thera, the ship of the Mycenaean period and the ship of Cheops in Egypt.
This model is made by Greek pine tree (is called Halepios Pefki in Greek) and the planks of the shell are carved, so as to ensure the convexity of the dimensions that must be effectively adjusted one over the other.
There have been periodically opened some holes in the abutting surfaces that end up in vertical interior surfaces. Through these holes, passes a leather strap and the necessary solidity of the structure can be ensured with the assistance of the balks with the rounded upper corners. Then, the necessary frames were sutured in the shell. For the construction, only leather belts were used and for the sewing only treenails, in order to avoid metal nails or other metal components
Scaffold of the sternIt is distinguished the sewing of the two frames and the handrail as well as the necessary treenailsIts length is 110 cm and is comprised with 30 oars. There is an opening of 11 cm in the middle of the careen and the height of the careen is 12 cm. Designed and constructed in accordance with the representations that there are in the relevant archaeological surveys