In the sea of Marmara, this region is also known as Propontida, the fishing boats were mainly rowing boats and also elongated, so as to be able to to travel quite fast. The most common type of such ships was called “Alamana” or “Santala” or “Samtala”. These boats were used for fishing of bonito, chub mackerel, sprat etc. Santala was the best known type of boat in the Sea of Marmara than anywhere else.
The origin of the name “Santala” comes from the Byzantine word «sandal» (kind of shoes), with curved stern post as well as the fore post. Santala was both used as commercial and auxiliary ship in warfare. This type of ship had 10 to 14 oars and their crew consisted of 18 to 20 men. Based on their length and on the number of their oars we may subdivide into “bigiante”, name for a santala with less than 10 oars and crew of 12 men and then to “kountelo”, which had the same length as the “bigiante”, with the same or smaller number of oars, but with mirror on the flat part of the stern («avakas») and also with less curved bow.
Santala was up to 17.4 meters in length and up to 2.80 meters in breadth. Had also as many seat thwarts as the pairs of oars were (7), while there were decks at the stern and at the fore, in order to be the fishermen able to move comfortably, while the interior space under the decks was used for the storage of nets and other gear for fishing.The fore and the stern were both decorated with painted or woodcarved designs, while on the fore post and above of the height of the handrail Saint George was depicted
This copy’s length is 174 cm on a scale of 1/10- It has been granted, upon his request, to Mr.Panagiotis Paraskevas, President of the community of Nea Peramos